- Cardamom is native to India, Bhutan, and Nepal. Counties such as Srilanka, Mexico, and Thailand have begun cultivating cardamom. Today, Guatemala is the largest producer of cardamom followed by India.
- The fruit of cardamom is harvested before it ripens and produces about 2 to 5 percent of the oil. The plant grows about 4 meters in length and bears seed pods after two years. Each pod measures about 1 to 2 centimeters.
- The word cardamom is derived from the Latin word cardamomum meaning spice plant. The plant has been used in traditional Ayurveda for centuries. It has been used in Portugal since the 16th century
- The essential oil of cardamom is obtained by steam distilling the cardamom seeds. The oil is clear to pale yellow to rich yellow color with spicy aroma and woody taste.
- Commonly known Benefits
- Health Benefits:
- Cardamom oil is a good digestive aid acting as a digestive tonic.
- Cardamom oil is an appetite stimulant. It improves the appetite.
- The compounds in the oil have anti-oxidant properties that disease and promote overall health.
- The essential oil of cardamom is rich in minerals such as calcium, potassium, and magnesium. Potassium helps in controlling blood pressure while copper aids in red blood cell production.
- The carminative properties of the oil relieve flatulence, stomach acid, and indigestion.
- The oil is effective against halitosis. It is used in the majority of South Asia to fight gum and tooth decay. It relieves sire throat and voice hoarseness.
- In aromatherapy, the oil is used as massage oil to fight depression and stress.
- Cardamom oil calms the stomach after incidents of diarrhea and vomiting.
- The oil also helps with teeth whitening, respiratory muscular spasms, and general muscular spasms.
- It is used as a tonic for liver and heart; as an astringent for lower movement; anti-flatulence medicine; and as an appetizer.
- The oil is an effective diuretic promoting bile secretion and liver decongestion. It is also widely used in the treatment of neuralgia and gonorrhea.
- Cardamom Essential oil improves lung circulation, reduces mouth and pharynx inflammations, bronchitis, cold, asthma, respiratory allergies, and reduces gastric juices.
- Other Benefits:
- The cardamom oil is used in various Asian and Indian cuisines.
- It is used by the Egyptians to make perfumes and teeth whiteners
- Used by the Romans to sure stomach problems.
- The oil is used as a flavoring agent in both food and drinks.
- Interesting facts about Cardamom
- Cardamom, occasionally named as Grains of heaven, it is a nipping and fragrant herbaceous plant 1st utilized long back about the 8th century, and is a native-born of India. It was believed that it spelt into Europe about A.D. 1214. Nowadays, cardamom is cropped in Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Guatemala, Mexico, Thailand and some part of Central America.
- Cardamom rises to approximately ten fts (3m) in height. Cardamom has big exits and white blossoms with blue stripe and yellow frames.
- The yield is a little abridgment with eight to sixteen brownish chums. The chums are utilized as a zest and the plant itself is a continual herbaceous plant. It has a heavy and thickly rootstock with blooming stems that gallop six to twelve fts (1.eighty-three to three.6m) heights. Cardamom is utilized as an fragrant, healthful, and stimulant drug.
- Indian cardamom is provided to the worldwide groceries in other grades like: 'Alleppey Green additional brave' (AGEB), 'Alleppey Green vaulting' (AGB) and 'Alleppey Green higher-ranking' (AGS).
Physico Chemical Properties:
Specification Limit Botanical Name Elettariacardomomum Family Name Zingiberaceae Common Name GreenCardamom Part used Seeds Specific Gravity 0.920 - 0.936 at 20 °C Optical Rotation +22.0 - +44.0 at 20 °C Refractive Index 1.460 - 1.490 at 20 °C Blends Well With Rose, Clove oil, Cinnamon oil Uses It is used in various food & desert flavouring, milk dairy product, candies, Ice creams , bakery, Tea, This oil improves the appetite.