The production of citronella is nearly 4000 tonnes all over the globe. The greatest producers of this are country china and Indonesia, who are nearly producing forty percent of the complete world's supply. The other sixty percent is produced by Taiwan, India, Argentina, Ecuador, Honduras, Jamaica, South Africa, Mexico, Madagascar, Brazil, Honduras and Guatemala etc.
It can be grown in tropical and non-tropical areas. It is harvested when its length become till three feet. It also needs moisture and sunshine in equal amount and cultivated in Sandy loam soil well-heeled in organ which suits most for its cultivation. Once when it is sowed after that till four year it can be yielded.
The lustrous green leaves of citronella plant are used for extraction of oil and for this distillation method is used. Hardy grass, when grown till one meter in height after that finely chopped fresh or dried hardy grass is used to extract the oil and steam distillation is used for this as used in extracting most of the similar oils.
Commonly known Benefits
It is no doubt popularly used as an insecticide and is used to kill the germs in a patients' room.
It reduces perspiration from the body and works as a good deodorant.
So many lotions and potions possess it because of its effective perfumed qualities and it also helps to reduce the oil of the skin. If you are suffering with high fever then it lessens the fever because of its medicated qualities. It helps to keep our mind clear and fresh. Soaps and deodorants are nothing without it works best on harsh skin and softens them. It is also used in creams, deodorants and lotions.
It can be blended with so many other chemicals and materials to produce divergent fragrances. Its biggest quality is that it vaporizes and burns quickly that is why an indispensable part in mosquito repellents.
Citronella possesses some elements like borneol, dipentene and limonene, nerol and camphene etc. So it can sometime cause irritation on skin, so should be used with care and sensitivity test must be taken before using it.
Physico Chemical Properties:
Specification Limit Botanical Name Cymbopogon Nardus L Family Name Poaceae (Gramineae) Part used leaves (grass) Specific Gravity 0.880 Refractive Index 1.465 to 1.475 Optical Rotation -7.00 to +7.00 Odor Lemony Blends Well With Bergamot, Lemon, Orange, Lemon grass and even pine too Uses This oil is used in insect repellent (especially in mosquito repellent); this oil it is used in perfumes for refreshing our minds.