Bulgaria is the largest producer of lavender oil followed by Spain, Italy and USSR.
The lavender flower is directly harvested from the field when it is mature enough to produce lavender oil. It can be prepared at home by steeping lavender in any carrier oil.
It is recorded that lavender is in use from past more than 2,500 years. It is used in the form of perfumes by Egyptians, Phoenicians and by the Arab people. It is also used in the mummification (in this process dead is wrapped in the shrouds of lavender)
The lavender is called as lavender herb nardus by the ancient Greeks, after the name of a Syrian city Naarda. It was commonly called as nard. L. stoechas is the originally grown species of Lavender. It was one of the holy herbs which are used in for the preparation of holy essence for the biblical Temple. Its names also revealed in the Solomon song. In the ancient times of Roman the flowers of lavender are sold at a price of 100 denarii per pound.
After the harvesting of lavender flower the extraction process of its oil begins.it is steam distilled to produce essential oil.
Commonly known Benefits
The lavender has a very fresh and sweet fragrance whether they are in any form like in dried and oil form. It is used in making today's most popular scents, soaps, candles even it is also used in the household products like cleansers and usable in various forms such as bath gels, infusions, lotions, tinctures, extracts, teas, aromatherapy oil, soaps and whole dried flowers with the help of dried flowers and essential oil.
Physico Chemical Properties
Specification Limit Botanical Name Lavandula Family Name Lamiaceae Common Name Lavender Part used Flower Specific Gravity 0.892 to -0.910 at 25 degree Celsius Optical Rotation +16.0 to +35.0 at 25 degree Celsius Refractive Index 1.468 to 1.485 25 degree Celsius Blends well with Jasmine Uses It was the first essential oil used in the treatment of patients in World War I. This oil soothes many skin problems like insect bite, burns etc. used extensively in fragrances